80386 Programmer's Reference Manual -- Opcode LMSW
LMSW -- Load Machine Status Word
MSW := r/m16; (* 16 bits is stored in the machine status word *)
DescriptionLMSW loads the machine status word (part of CR0) from the source operand. This instruction can be used to switch to Protected Mode; if so, it must be followed by an intrasegment jump to flush the instruction queue. LMSW will not switch back to Real Address Mode.
LMSW is used only in operating system software. It is not used in application programs.
Protected Mode Exceptions#GP(0) if the current privilege level is not 0; #GP(0) for an illegal memory operand effective address in the CS, DS, ES, FS, or GS segments; #SS(0) for an illegal address in the SS segment; #PF(fault-code) for a page fault
Real Address Mode ExceptionsInterrupt 13 if any part of the operand would lie outside of the effective address space from 0 to 0FFFFH
Virtual 8086 Mode ExceptionsSame exceptions as in Real Address Mode; #PF(fault-code) for a page fault
NotesThe operand-size attribute has no effect on this instruction. This instruction is provided for compatibility with the 80286; 80386 programs should use MOV CR0, ... instead.