80386 Programmer's Reference Manual -- Opcode LSL
LSL -- Load Segment Limit
DescriptionThe LSL instruction loads a register with an unscrambled segment limit, and sets ZF to 1, provided that the source selector is visible at the CPL weakened by RPL, and that the descriptor is a type accepted by LSL. Otherwise, ZF is cleared to 0, and the destination register is unchanged. The segment limit is loaded as a byte granular value. If the descriptor has a page granular segment limit, LSL will translate it to a byte limit before loading it in the destination register (shift left 12 the 20-bit "raw" limit from descriptor, then OR with 00000FFFH).
The 32-bit forms of this instruction store the 32-bit byte granular limit in the 16-bit destination register.
Code and data segment descriptors are valid for LSL.
The valid special segment and gate descriptor types for LSL are given in the following table:
Type Name Valid/Invalid 0 Invalid Invalid 1 Available 80286 TSS Valid 2 LDT Valid 3 Busy 80286 TSS Valid 4 80286 call gate Invalid 5 80286/80386 task gate Invalid 6 80286 trap gate Invalid 7 80286 interrupt gate Invalid 8 Invalid Valid 9 Available 80386 TSS Valid A Invalid Invalid B Busy 80386 TSS Valid C 80386 call gate Invalid D Invalid Invalid E 80386 trap gate Invalid F 80386 interrupt gate Invalid
Flags AffectedZF as described above
Protected Mode Exceptions#GP(0) for an illegal memory operand effective address in the CS, DS, ES, FS, or GS segments; #SS(0) for an illegal address in the SS segment; #PF(fault-code) for a page fault
Real Address Mode ExceptionsInterrupt 6; LSL is not recognized in Real Address Mode
Virtual 8086 Mode ExceptionsSame exceptions as in Real Address Mode