80386 Programmer's Reference Manual -- Opcode MOV
MOV -- Move Data
Notesmoffs8, moffs16, and moffs32 all consist of a simple offset relative to the segment base. The 8, 16, and 32 refer to the size of the data. The address-size attribute of the instruction determines the size of the offset, either 16 or 32 bits.
DEST := SRC;
DescriptionMOV copies the second operand to the first operand.
If the destination operand is a segment register (DS, ES, SS, etc.), then data from a descriptor is also loaded into the register. The data for the register is obtained from the descriptor table entry for the selector given. A null selector (values 0000-0003) can be loaded into DS and ES registers without causing an exception; however, use of DS or ES causes a #GP(0), and no memory reference occurs.
A MOV into SS inhibits all interrupts until after the execution of the next instruction (which is presumably a MOV into eSP).
Loading a segment register under 80386 Protected Mode results in special checks and actions, as described in the following listing:
IF SS is loaded; THEN IF selector is null THEN #GP(0); FI; Selector index must be within its descriptor table limits else #GP(selector); Selector's RPL must equal CPL else #GP(selector); AR byte must indicate a writable data segment else #GP(selector); DPL in the AR byte must equal CPL else #GP(selector); Segment must be marked present else #SS(selector); Load SS with selector; Load SS with descriptor. FI; IF DS, ES, FS or GS is loaded with non-null selector; THEN Selector index must be within its descriptor table limits else #GP(selector); AR byte must indicate data or readable code segment else #GP(selector); IF data or nonconforming code segment THEN both the RPL and the CPL must be less than or equal to DPL in AR byte; ELSE #GP(selector); FI; Segment must be marked present else #NP(selector); Load segment register with selector; Load segment register with descriptor; FI; IF DS, ES, FS or GS is loaded with a null selector; THEN Load segment register with selector; Clear descriptor valid bit; FI;
Protected Mode Exceptions#GP, #SS, and #NP if a segment register is being loaded; otherwise, #GP(0) if the destination is in a nonwritable segment; #GP(0) for an illegal memory operand effective address in the CS, DS, ES, FS, or GS segments; #SS(0) for an illegal address in the SS segment; #PF(fault-code) for a page fault
Real Address Mode ExceptionsInterrupt 13 if any part of the operand would lie outside of the effective address space from 0 to 0FFFFH
Virtual 8086 Mode ExceptionsSame exceptions as in Real Address Mode; #PF(fault-code) for a page fault